HDR Rendering for Photorealistic Imaging in 3ds Max and V-Ray Free CG Tutorial



Hello everyone!

In this tutorial we explain what is the HDR rendering and how you can control the brightness of the final render using it, easily getting rich and outstanding pictures.


Contents:
Introduction
What is HDR
LDRIs Problem in Photography
LDR Images Compensation
HDR Benefits
HDR Images in Computer Graphics
HDRI in 3D Rendering
Photorealism and HDRI
HDRI Rendering in V-Ray
Saving HDR Render in 3ds Max
Using the HDR Rendering
Conclusion

This tutorial answers the following questions:

- What is HDR?

- What does LDRI mean?

- How to post-process HDRIs using Photoshop?

- How to render HDRIs from V-Ray?

- Which image format is the best to save HDR renders?

- How to deal with ovebrights in the window and near it?

- How to lighten the dark rendering?

Hope you will enjoy this tutorial, and after reading it you are able to use HDRI for enhancement the visual quality of your photorealistic 3d renderings with ease ;)

Electric Cooktop with Sensor Control Premium 3D model

Electric Cooktop with Sensor Control Premium 3D model

The realistic 3d model of ceramic glass cooktop with four electric heating elements. The surface of this hob 3d model is completely flat, without any advancing parts. All controls are sensor. It has high-tech design, slightly reminiscent of DJ’s mixer desk. The surface of this heating panel 3d model is made of ceramic glass, decorated like a dark marble. It ideally fits into the artificial stone worktop. In this stovetop 3d model there is a cell structured glass above heating elements, which refracts their light and heat radiation. The refraction glass and the heating elements are made with geometry. This makes current 3d model very high detailed on the rendering, allows ultra-closeups and any unusual shooting angles. Such feature marks this 3d model out from the usual ones, where all the heating system simply faked by texture map. This 3d model due to its design in off state can be also presented as induction range. To make any of heating elements turned off, simply adjust its material.

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Opened Electric Cooktop Premium 3D model

Opened Electric Cooktop Premium 3D model

High detailed 3d model of built-in electric stovetop of stainless steel design. The cooktop 3d model has original industrial design. On the top of the panel, there are four hollows with spiral heating elements. They are twisted in a form of round rests, which directly contact the cookware. The control panel of this electric hob 3d model is at the front part. The composite material of the heating elements in this 3d model can be easily controlled to turn off or turn on. This simply can be done by altering the mix amount of the dark and red material. These mats conveniently correspondingly named as on and off. You can change the strength of glowing of the heating elements without an effort, thus giving your 3d rendering needed atmosphere.

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Built-in Electric Hob Premium 3D model

Built-in Electric Hob Premium 3D model

The photorealistic 3d model of independent ceramic glass cooktop with four heating zones. There is a control panel with operation indicators and aluminum control knobs . The metal border runs through perimeter of this electric hob 3d model and the faceted glass cover all the work surface. In this stovetop 3d model there is a cell structured glass above heating elements, which refracts their light and heat radiation. The refraction glass and the heating elements are made with geometry. This makes current 3d model very high detailed on the rendering, allows ultra-closeups and any unusual shooting angles. Such feature marks this 3d model out from the usual ones, where all the heating system simply faked by texture map. This 3d model due to its design in off state can be also presented as induction range. Composite material of current 3d model allows easy turning on and turning off the heating elements and indication diodes on control panel. It is made by altering the mix amount in blend material.

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Electric Five-Element Cooktop Premium 3D model

Electric Five-Element Cooktop Premium 3D model

The photorealistic high-detailed 3d model of glass ceramic electrical cooktop with five heating elements. The surface of this hob 3d models is absolutely flat, but has the control panel with operation indicators, five aluminum heat knobs , and one lock switch. The aluminum border covers the perimeter of the cooktop 3d model. The inside part of the hob is black with five electrical heating elements. The all construction is covered with special glass with the markings, indicating the heating zones. It is made to aware user of possibly hot surface when the hob is turned off. When the heating element is working, it glows bright red. Additionally, in this stovetop 3d model there is a cell structured glass above heating elements, which refracts their light and heat radiation. The refraction glass and the heating elements are made with geometry. This makes current 3d model very high detailed on the rendering, allows ultra-closeups and any unusual shooting angles. Such feature marks this 3d model out from the usual ones, where all the heating system simply faked by texture map. This 3d model due to its design in off state can be also presented as induction range. To make any of heating elements turned off, simply adjust its material.

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Steel Cooktop with Five Gas Rings Premium 3D model

Steel Cooktop with Five Gas Rings Premium 3D model

The photorealistic 3d model of steel cooking panel with gas burners. It is rectangular and has the control panel on the front. It is made as a advancing triangular profile with five gas controlling taps. The taps has original shape and is made in a form of metallic black cylinder with stainless steel inset. The surface of cooktop is also finished with steel. This gas appliance is equipped with four burners of moderate and big sizes by the both sides. There is a big crown burner with double rings of flame in the very center of the cooktop 3d model. Note that all the flames of gas in this hob 3d model are made using geometry and there is no need to use any non-3d effect to achieve realistic gas burning. In addition, all the flames are separate objects so they can be easily hidden for turning on the one or another ring’s gas. Also, as well as all logical parts, the gas metal taps are made as separate objects with correct pivot points. With such realization of the gas cooking surface you easily can turn off the gas at the actual burner and imitate the same by turned tap. This heating panel is tabletop and can be easily installed without a need of cutting out the working surface.

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Gas Hob with Big Crown Burner Premium 3D model

Gas Hob with Big Crown Burner Premium 3D model

3d model of gas cooktop equipped with five burners. The heating panel has rectangular shape with front controls. It holds five plastic taps which mechanically control the gas flow. The actual surface is made of black ceramic glass. The flames in this cooking panel 3d model are made of geometry with specially set glowing material. The 3d models of flames are made as separate objects, so they can be easily hidden or removed if any or the burners, or all of them, should be off. Also, as well as all logical parts, the gas metal taps are made as separate objects with correct pivot points. With such realization of the gas cooking surface you easily can turn off the gas at the actual burner and imitate the same by turned tap.

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White Gas Cooktop Premium 3D model

White Gas Cooktop Premium 3D model

3d model of gas cooktop made of white mat glass. It has four burners with independent cookware rest frames. The surface is rectangular with right-side control panel. It’s mechanical and has four plastic taps. The great bonus of this gas hob 3d model is the fact that the flames are made in pure 3d, without any post-effects or additional plugins. They come as separate objects and can be hidden if there is such need. All metallic gas taps has rotation centers and allow easy rotation top make the taps positions correspond the actual gas state. To install this gas hob 3d model there is no need to cut the hole in working surface, as the hob is tabletop.

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Glass Cooktop in Aluminum Frame Premium 3D model

Glass Cooktop in Aluminum Frame Premium 3D model

The 3d model of built-in cooktop with four gas rings. All the burners has different sizes. The surface of the hob is made of glass ceramic, bordered with aluminum frame. The control taps is made of matt stainless steel. The 3d model of gas cooktop has two small burners for slight warming up and two power boil rings of big diameter. All the burners has single ring of flame. The special feature of this cooktop 3d model is that the flames is geometry-based, so there is no need to separately imitate the gas burning, just leave the flame object, it will look great on the raw render output. All five gas taps have own pivot points and can be rotated in working positions without an effort.

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Combined Barbeque Hob Premium 3D model

Combined Barbeque Hob Premium 3D model

The 3d model of gas hob with five heating areas, one of which is the steel barbeque. The cooktop is made of enameled steel. Big mechanical taps control the operation of four gas burners with double rings of flames. The grill is controlled by a toggle switch as it is electricity powered. Note that all the flames of gas in this hob 3d model are made using geometry and there is no need to use any non-3d effect to achieve realistic gas burning. In addition, all the flames are separate objects so they can be easily hidden for turning on the one or another ring’s gas. Also, as well as all logical parts, the gas metal taps are made as separate objects with correct pivot points. With such realization of the gas cooking surface you easily can turn off the gas at the actual burner and imitate the same by turned tap.

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Aluminum Gas Thee Burner Cooktop Premium 3D model

Aluminum Gas Thee Burner Cooktop Premium 3D model

The 3d model of aluminum cooking surface with two burning zones. The cooktop has rectangular shape at the left of which there are block of gas burners, and with the gas taps from the right side. This gas appliance has two normal gas rings from the rights side and one long fish burner from to the left. The fish burner split on three ones, and is controlled by two taps at the same time. The flames in this cooking panel 3d model are made of geometry with specially set glowing material. The 3d models of flames are made as separate objects, so they can be easily hidden or removed if any or the burners, or all of them, should be off. Also, as well as all logical parts, the gas metal taps are made as separate objects with correct pivot points. With such realization of the gas cooking surface you easily can turn off the gas at the actual burner and imitate the same by turned tap.

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Premium 3D model - Wide Gas Hob with Fish Burner

Premium 3D model - Wide Gas Hob with Fish Burner

The realistic 3d model of cooking surface with six gas burners, three of which form one prolonged fish burner. The taps and the cooktop itself are steel, while the ontop grates are cast-iron. The great bonus of this gas hob 3d model is the fact that the flames are made in pure 3d, without any post-effects or additional plugins. They come as separate objects and can be hidden if there is such need. All metallic gas taps has rotation centers and allow easy rotation top make the taps positions correspond the actual gas state.

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Wide Gas Hob with Fish Burner Premium 3D model

Premium 3D model - Wide Gas Hob with Fish Burner

The realistic 3d model of cooking surface with six gas burners, three of which form one prolonged fish burner. The taps and the cooktop itself are steel, while the ontop grates are cast-iron. The great bonus of this gas hob 3d model is the fact that the flames are made in pure 3d, without any post-effects or additional plugins. They come as separate objects and can be hidden if there is such need. All metallic gas taps has rotation centers and allow easy rotation top make the taps positions correspond the actual gas state.

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Built-in Gas Cooktop with Front Controls Premium 3D model

Premium 3D model - Built-in Gas Cooktop with Front Controls

The 3d model of photo-realistic gas cooktop. The surface of this heating panel is a big rectangle from a black glossy heatproof glass, at the top of which the five burners situated. Unlike the usual gas hobs, the each burner in this cooktop 3d model is equipped with own black iron pan rests. This looks very high-tech. The control panel holds five taps from matt stainless steel. Special feature of this cooktop 3d models is that the flames is geometry-based, so there is no need to separately imitate the gas burning, just leave the flame object, it will look great on the raw render output. All five gas taps have own pivot points and can be rotated in working positions without an effort.

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Compact Four Ring Cooktop Premium 3D model

Premium 3D model - Compact Four Ring Cooktop

The 3d model of realistic steel cooktop with four gas burners. The surface is almost square in its dimensions. For controlling the flame intensity, the hob is equipped with four steel taps. The taps of this cooktop 3d model, as well as all other parts, are made as separate objects with correct rotation centers. You can rotate these handles in the desired positions to raise up you rendering’s realism. The steel from which the taps are made of, has a slightly brushed texture. To safely set the cookware on the cooking surface, this gas appliance has two cast-iron grates. Note that all the flames of gas in this hob 3d model are made using geometry and there is no need to use any non-3d effect to achieve realistic gas burning. Also, all the flames are separate objects so they can be easily hidden for turning one or another ring’s gas.

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Six Burner Gas Hob Premium 3D model

Premium 3D model - Six Burner Gas Hob

The 3d model of realistic cooktop with six gas ring burners. The hob has rectangular shape with the block of the burner to the left and the set of control taps from the right side. The taps made from mat stainless steel. The actual cooktop frame is aluminum. This gas appliance has two usual burners of middle size, two burners for warming up of the smallest diameter, and two big rings. The so-called power-boil burners has big diameter and double flame rings. The feature of this 3d models is that the flames are made with geometry with finely tuned material. This lets you to have the photo-realistic gas burning imitation right on the render output, without a help of any plug-ins or post processing. The 3d models of flames are made as separate objects, so they can be easily hidden or removed if any or the burners, or all of them, should be off. Also, as well as all logical parts, the gas metal taps are made as separate objects with correct pivot points. With such realization of the gas cooking surface you easily can turn off the gas at the actual burner and imitate the same by turned tap.

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High Directors Chair Premium 3D model

Premium 3D model - High Directors Chair

Photorealistic 3d model of a big folding directors armchair. It has classic design and is a folding chair with four crossing wooden legs, soft fabric back and seat, and has compact wooden armrests. Considering the chairs heights, it is equipped with moving footboard for extra comfort of the person, who sitting on this director’s chair 3d model. The main feature of this armchair is its mobility. This is an main requirement as it has to follow movie director on all the film sets in all parts of the world. It is light and compact in folded state and, in the same time, be easily unfolded. The director’s chair 3d model is made as the chair used by anglers, who spend all day sitting in an expectation of biting. These like chairs are also called beach or deck chairs, but its difference from them is that the frame is made of wood, not aluminum tubing. But only folding chair with wooden frame has long been a stereotype and without a doubt is associated with movie or film set, cameras and stern director yelling “Cameras! Action!” in a handheld megaphone, 3d model of which you can find in RenderStuff library. This is very typical attribute; even when someone wants to say that particular person became a director of some movie, they say that person took the director's chair. To make an inscription on the chairs back, the Blend material is used, and the texture text.tif is set as its mask. To write any other word on a back, it is enough just to edit the Type layer in this file, for example, in Photoshop.

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Old Wooden Whiskey Barrel Premium 3D model

Premium 3D model - Wooden Whiskey Barrel

This is a realistic 3d model of a middle-sized oak barrel. The actual keg is tightened by forged copper hoops, which are fastened by nondetachable rivets. The feature of this barrel 3d model us a brass tap, cut in one of its heads. This, in real life of course, lets to pour out the contents to the glasses without tilting the barrel. The barrel is horizontal. To make such position completely stable, the barrel comes with original wooden stand with four legs. The actual keg is reusable. The screwing brass bung on the top of the barrel is made for making possible to refill the keg with fresh portion of the drinks. The 3d model of this keg is quite versatile. It can be used as a antique souvenir of a nautical thematic and be a good practical attribute. It is a great container for storing, aging, and bottling beer, wine as well as strong whiskey and cognac. Nowadays, many drinks are contained in other type of containers, for example, the steel kegs under high pressure. However, the main advantage of the wooden barrel is not just aesthetic preference, as the burned wood gives the drink special, incomparable aroma. Even these days, in modern pubs and bars such keg can be found on the top of the counter. The feature of this whiskey barrel 3d model is that it’s made mid-poly and can be additionally subdivided. This allows you to enable NURMS if you think that the number of segment of this 3d model needs to be raised. Besides that, this beer barrel 3d model has clean unwrapped UVs. This 3d model comes with two baked AO textures to improve the shading realism along with great 4096p px diffuse texture.

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BMW Retro Motorcycle with Sidecar Premium 3D model

Premium 3D model - Retro Motorcycle with Sidecar

Photo-realistic 3d model of the legendary war motorcycle. The ancestor of this powerful heavy bike was released on the German BMW factory in 1938. The original model was called the BMW R71. This relentless hard worker went through the whole World War II as the main striking force of motorized infantry troops of military Germany. It served not only as a transport, but it was also the basis for the heavy machine gun, which was mounted on the front of sidecar. The operator of a machine gun was a shooter, comfortably situated on a soft leather seat. BMW R71 bike has been so successful, that it was later copied by the Soviet Union and China. The Chinese version is called the Chang Jiang 750, and Soviet version released by the Russian and Ukrainian plants, called M-72 Ural and Dnepr K-750. This 3d model is an upgraded, more modern version of this bike with an improved engine. It is a Dnepr K-650, assembled in 1967. Current motorcycle is beautiful and charismatic; it has become a classic in the workshops to create a custom bikes. Skillful masters not only restoring these bikes, but also make an excellent choppers based on K-750. By the appearance, they can easily give a head start to modern serial motorcycles of famous brands. When doing custom bike from this model, almost everything could be redesigned. But only one of its detail always remains the same, the powerful overhead valve engine with opposed cylinders. Sometimes, engine is the only distinction of a true origin of one or another custom chopper. Different versions of this classic motorcycle are popular nowadays even among movie stars. This 3d model of a motorcycle is made in the seven basic colors. Nominally, the model has the material with a blue body paint having a navy color. The scene with a 3d model of a motorcycle also contains other materials and paint colors. They are black ink color; the wine red color; bright yellow, the color of egg yolk; the color of beige lightly brushed paint; military mat green; and shining pearl metallic. All materials are tuned for photorealistic close-up rendering. However, if you need to use the 3d model as an object of the second plan, it is better to lower the setting of materials, for example, enable the interpolation of reflection and refraction for the highlight glass and paint materials. It would affect the appearance of the materials insignificantly, but will speed up the rendering. 3d model of the motorcycle itself consists of several parts with a correct anchor points, which are linked to the corresponding helpers. This allows turning the steering wheel or folding back the kickstand for a single version of a motorcycle, if you decide to use it on you renderings without a sidecar.

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TOA Electronics Handheld Megaphone ER-1215 Premium 3D model


The 3d model of a portable electric megaphone. Megaphone is an electric acoustic device used for amplification of a sound. Its main purpose is a public voice warning. It means it used by speakers to bring some information in public places. Besides the popular use, the electric megaphones are often used by special services, such as fire brigades, lifeguards, fishing inspections, police and other structures. The megaphone is a needed thing on the vessels and river yachts for communication. The amplifying of a voice by this device lets transmit it to far distance. The bigger the megaphone cone and more powerful its built-in amplifier are, the louder and clearer is the voice from it. The actual megaphone 3d model device consists of few main components. They are the handle with the orange ON button, the cylinder of amplifier with microphone and volume regulator on it. The same part is used for power supply , which are usually the banal batteries. Naturally, the “heart” of the megaphone 3d model are the big cone and speaker inside. The 3d model of megaphone comes with the rolled fabric lace, hanging at the bottom of the megaphone. In a real megaphone its purpose is to hold a device on an user’s wrist. The real megaphone also has the antibacterial covering of the surface. This 3d model comes in four color options. The fully red megaphone is the default megaphone coloring of this 3d model. Blue megaphone 3d model has the white cone. The yellow one has white and yellow cone, and the grey option has a white cone. All these materials are in the scene file. To have another coloring you need just to apply the existing material to the actual megaphone 3d model. The look of this megaphone 3d model, as well as its color variations, you can observe on the number of the renderings of this photorealistic model.

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Four-section TV stand Free 3D model


The free 3d model of a big wooden television stand. This stand is used for placing different electronics, for example, the receiver 3d model, the 3d model of DVD-player and just a place for keeping video materials. The stand is fully closed. The actual TV can also rest on this stand, or it can be suspended above on the adjoining wall. The tv stand 3d models has character wooden texture and is covered with mid-gloss finish. The right and left doors of the stand are considered to open horizontally, while the two middle ones are vertical. The classic look and big dimensions of this furniture piece let to use one of the sections as a mini-bar. This can be quite appropriate, as such stand along with the TV would be the center of attention in any living or bedroom. Between the section of TV stand 3d model there are two cylindrical posts. The each of the doors has beautiful decorative handles at the top. Modeled in 3ds Max 2008. Rendered with V-Ray.

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Brass Ship Bell Premium 3D model


The 3d model of the ship bell with the metal wall suspending. The dome of the bell is made of light-brown bronze with a bit of mat. A massive bolt to a curved metallic frame, painted in gray, suspends it. The same paint is also used on a beater inside the bell. The ringing of a ship bell is used on the vessels to give the crew important signals, for example, when there is a fire on a ship. The inscription on a ship surface is made using texture. This texture map is in a TIF format with a procedural text layer, made in Photoshop. To change the bell’s label it is enough to just write new name and apply the desired font. Or, if you need to have the image there, just paste it or paint to this texture file. The 3d model of ship bell have the same level of quality in the both inside and outside parts. The beater of a bell hangs inside, on a special hold. That is what can be seen on the previews of the ship bell 3d model. The wall suspending frame is bent to conform with the cylindrical pole of the classic wooden mast. However, the actual bend is relatively small, so it can be placed of a flat wall, for example, to the nautically styled interior. For ease of use, the 3d model includes the mast part.

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White Armchair with Yellow Pattern 3d Model


The free 3d model of a big soft armchair, made of white smooth satin decorated with mat golden tint threads. The threads show nice patterns in a form of unusual flowers. The actual armchair has a quite classic shape, but its back is special. The soft back of the chair is almost rectangular, with the narrowing lower part, so its reminiscent of old leather gripsack. There are the gilded, almost copper, inserts in the armrests, which beautifully repeat the lines in rests center. The back of this free armchair 3d model is decorated in the same way. The thick double border decorates the perimeter of the back. The cushion of the same color lays on the armchair free 3d model and its perimeter embroidered with the brown shiny fabric. The 3d model of this armchair can be easily transformed into the sofa, if you clone the cushions and mirror the armchair’s body with armrests using symmetry. Modeled in 3ds Max 2008. Rendered with V-Ray.

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